NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 10 Circles Ex 10.1

Ex 10.1 Class 10 Maths Question 1.
How many tangents can a circle have?
Solution:
There can be infinitely many tangents to a circle.

Ex 10.1 Class 10 Maths Question 2.
Fill in the blanks:
(i) A tangent to a circle intersects it in ………… point(s).
(ii) A line intersecting a circle in two points is called a ………… .
(iii) A circle can have ………………. parallel tangents at the most.
(iv) The common point of a tangent to a circle and the circle is called ……….. .
Solution:
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 10 Circles Ex 10.1 PDF Q2

You can also download the free PDF of  Ex 10.1 Class 10 Circles NCERT Solutions or save the solution images and take the print out to keep it handy for your exam preparation.

Download NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Maths Chapter 10 Circles PDF

Ex 10.1 Class 10 Maths Question 3.
A tangent PQ at a point P of a circle of radius 5 cm meets a line through the centre O at a point Q so that OQ = 12 cm. Length PQ is
(a) 12 cm
(b) 13 cm
(c) 8.5 cm
(d) ( sqrt{119} ) cm
Solution:
Ex 10.1 Class 10 Maths Solutions NCERT PDF Q3

Note: PQ = √119

Ex 10.1 Class 10 Maths Question 4.
Draw a circle and two lines parallel to a given line such that one is a tangent and the other, a secant to the circle.
Solution:
Exercise 10.1 Class 10 Maths Solutions NCERT PDF Q4

Class 10 Maths Circles Mind Map

Introduction

A circle is a set of all points in a plane at a fixed distance from a fixed point in a plane. The fixed point is called the centre of the circle. The fixed distance is called the radius of the circle.

Line and a Circle

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 10 Circles Ex 10.1 Mind Map 1
In Fig. (i), the line PQ and the circle have no common point. In this case, PQ is called a non-intersecting line with respect to the circle. In Fig. (ii), there are two common points A and B that the line PQ and the circle have. In this case, we call the line PQ a secant of the circle. In Fig. (iii), there is only one point A which is common to the line PQ and the circle. In this case, the line is called a tangent to the circle.

Tangent

A tangent to a circle is a straight line which touches the circle at only one point. The point where the tangent touches the circle is called point of contact of the tangent to the circle.
A tangent to a circle is a special case of a secant, when the two ends points of its corresponding chord coincides.
Theorem: Tangent at any point on a circle is perpendicular to the radius through the point of contact.
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 10 Circles Ex 10.1 Mind Map 2
CB is the tangent to the given circle touching at A and OA is the radius.
∴ ∠OAB = 90°
(i) At any point on the circle there can be one and only one tangent.
(ii) The line containing the radius through the point of contact is called the normal to the circle at the point.

Number of Tangents from a Point to Circle

(i) No tangent can be drawn from the point lying inside the circle, as shown in fig. (i)
(ii) One and only one tangent can be drawn from a point lying on the circle, as shown in fig. (ii)
(iii) Only two tangents can be drawn from an exterior point to a circle, as shown in fig. (iii)
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 10 Circles Ex 10.1 Mind Map 3

Length of a Tangent

The length of the segment of a tangent from an external point to the point of contact with the circle is called the length of the tangent

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 10 Circles Ex 10.1 Mind Map 4
In the given figure, T1 and T2 are the points of contact of the tangents PT1 and PT2 respectively from the external point P.

Theorem Related to Length of Tangents From the External Points

The lengths of tangents drawn from an external point to a circle are equal.
i.e.,
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 10 Circles Ex 10.1 Mind Map 5
Here, PQ and PR are the two tangents drawn from P to the circle

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 10 Circles (Hindi Medium) Ex 10.1

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