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## NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 3 Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables Ex 3.2

Ex 3.2 Class 10 Maths Question 1.
Form the pair of linear equations of the following problems and find their solutions graphically:
(i) 10 students of class X took part in a Mathematics quiz. If the number of girls is 4 more than the number of boys, find the number of boys and girls who took part in the quiz.
(ii) 5 pencils and 7 pens together cost ₹50, whereas 7 pencils and 5 pens together cost ₹46. Find the cost of one pencil and that of one pen.
Solution:

Worksheets for Class 10 Maths

Ex 3.2 Class 10 Maths Question 2.
On comparing the ratios (frac { { a }_{ 1 } }{ { a }_{ 2 } }), (frac { { b }_{ 1 } }{ { b }_{ 2 } })
and (frac { { c }_{ 1 } }{ { c }_{ 2 } }) , find out whether the lines representing the following pairs of linear equations intersect at a point, are parallel or coincident:
(i) 5x – 4y + 8 = 0, 7x + 6y – 9 = 0
(ii) 9x + 3y + 12 = 0, 18x + 6y + 24 = 0
(iii) 6x – 3y + 10 = 0, 2x -y + 9 = 0
Solution:

Ex 3.2 Class 10 Maths Question 3.
On comparing the ratios (frac { { a }_{ 1 } }{ { a }_{ 2 } }), (frac { { b }_{ 1 } }{ { b }_{ 2 } })
and (frac { { c }_{ 1 } }{ { c }_{ 2 } }), find out whether the following pairs of linear equations are consistent, or inconsistent:
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Solution:

Ex 3.2 Class 10 Maths Question 4.
Which of the following pairs of linear equations are consistent/inconsistent? If consistent, obtain the solution graphically.
(i) x + y = 5, 2x + 2y = 10
(ii) x-y – 8, 3x – 3y = 16
(iii) 2x + y – 6 = 0, 4x – 2y – 4 = 0
(iv) 2x – 2y – 2 = 0, 4x – 4y – 5 = 0
Solution:

Ex 3.2 Class 10 Maths Question 5.
Half the perimeter of a rectangular garden, whose length is 4 m more than its width is 36 m. Find the dimensions of the garden graphically.
Solution:

Ex 3.2 Class 10 Maths Question 6.
Given the linear equation 2x + 3y – 8 = 0, write another linear equation in two variables such that the geometrical representation of the pair so formed is:
(i) intersecting lines
(ii) parallel lines
(iii) coincident lines
Solution:

Ex 3.2 Class 10 Maths Question 7.
Draw the, graphs of the equations x – y + 1 = 0 and 3x + 2y – 12 = 0. Determine the coordinates of the vertices of the triangle formed by these lines and the x-axis, and shade the triangular region.
Solution:

### NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 3 Pairs of Linear Equations in Two Variables (Hindi Medium) Ex 3.2

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