## NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 6 The Triangle and its Properties Ex 6.3

**NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 6 The Triangle and its Properties Exercise 6.3**

Ex 6.3 Class 7 Maths Question 1.

Find the value of the unknown x in the following diagrams:

Solution:

(i) By angle sum property of a triangle, we have

∠x + 50° + 60° = 180°

⇒ ∠x + 110° = 180°

∴ ∠x = 180° – 110° = 70°

(ii) By angle sum property of a triangle, we have

∠x + 90° + 30 = 180° [∆ is right angled triangle]

⇒ ∠x + 120° = 180°

∴ ∠x – 180° – 120° = 60°

(iii) By angle sum property of a triangle, we have

∠x + 30° + 110° – 180°

⇒ ∠x + 140° = 180°

∴ ∠x = 180° – 140° = 40°

(iv ) By angle sum property of a triangle, we have

∠x + ∠x + 50° = 180°

⇒ 2x + 50° = 180°

⇒ 2x = 180° – 50°

⇒ 2x = 130°

∴ (x=frac{130^{0}}{2}=65^{circ})

(v) By angle sum property of a triangle, we have

∠x + ∠x +∠x =180°

⇒ 3 ∠x = 180°

∴ (angle x=frac{180^{0}}{3}=60^{circ})

(vi) By angle sum property of a triangle, we have

x + 2 x + 90° = 180° (∆ is right angled triangle)

⇒ 3x + 90° = 180°

⇒ 3x = 180° – 90°

⇒ 3x = 90°

∴ (x=frac{90^{0}}{3}=30^{circ})

Ex 6.3 Class 7 Maths Question 2.

Find the values of the unknowns x and y in the following diagrams:

Solution:

(i) ∠x + 50° = 120° (Exterior angle of a triangle)

∴ ∠x = 120°- 50° = 70°

∠x + ∠y + 50° = 180° (Angle sum property of a triangle)

70° + ∠y + 50° = 180°

∠y + 120° = 180°

∠y = 180° – 120°

∴ ∠y = 60°

Thus ∠x = 70 and ∠y – 60°

(ii) ∠y = 80° (Vertically opposite angles are same)

∠x + ∠y + 50° = 180° (Angle sum property of a triangle)

⇒ ∠x + 80° + 50° = 180°

⇒ ∠x + 130° = 180°

∴ ∠x = 180° – 130° = 50°

Thus, ∠x = 50° and ∠y = 80°

(iii) ∠y + 50° + 60° = 180° (Angle sum property of a triangle)

∠y + 110° = 180°

∴ ∠y = 180°- 110° = 70°

∠x + ∠y = 180° (Linear pairs)

⇒ ∠x + 70° = 180°

∴ ∠x = 180° – 70° = 110°

Thus, ∠x = 110° and y = 70°

(iv) ∠x = 60° (Vertically opposite angles)

∠x + ∠y + 30° = 180° (Angle sum property of a triangle)

⇒ 60° + ∠y + 30° = 180°

⇒ ∠y + 90° = 180°

⇒ ∠y = 180° – 90° = 90°

Thus, ∠x = 60° and ∠y = 90°

(v) ∠y = 90° (Vertically opposite angles)

∠x + ∠x + ∠y = 180° (Angle sum property of a triangle)

⇒ 2 ∠x + 90° = 180°

⇒ 2∠x = 180° – 90°

⇒ 2∠x = 90°

∴ (angle x=frac{90^{circ}}{2}=45^{circ})

Thus, ∠x = 45° and ∠y = 90°

(vi) From the given figure, we have

Adding both sides, we have

∠y + ∠1 + ∠2 = 3∠x

⇒ 180° = 3∠x (Angle sum property of a triangle)

∴ (angle x=frac{180^{circ}}{3}=60^{circ})

∠x = 60°, ∠y = 60°

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