The distribution of marks could be on the following lines:
Format : 1 mark
Content : 4 marks
Expression : 5 marks
Format includes: Title and writer’s name.
Content: Value points related to the topic.
Expression: Grammatical accuracy or spellings, coherence, relevance of ideas and style.
Writing is a process which involves thinking, collecting ideas, developing them, organising them in a draft form and revising the draft by editing it carefully and critically.
Thinking involves focussing on the subject, thinking about the topics and ideas associated with it.
Collecting ideas involves collecting as many ideas on the subject through brain-storming or discussion. It also means gathering information from various sources.
A Draft is an early version of an organised process of writing.
Revising involves looking at the drafted version carefully and critically. Look at the draft from the reader’s point of view and remove any phrases or sentences which are awkward or abstract.
The essential features of a good composition are:
Coherence—It means that the ideas should fit together.
Flow—It means that sentences should be linked up.
Relevance—Every idea must relate to the topic.
Order—The ideas must be effectively and logically organised.
Inclusiveness—Anything not very important must be omitted.

What is Article Writing?

What is Article Writing – An article is a written work published in a print/electronic medium. It may be for the purpose of propagating news, researching results, academic analysis, or debate. Generally, it is a piece of writing that is published in a newspaper or Magazine.  

Article Writing Format

When a student has to attempt a question on Article writing, he has to follow the article writing format by CBSE. Here you can see the article writing format in detail. The format of an article consists of the following parts –
  1. Heading,
  2. By line, and
  3. Body
  1. HEADING– The heading should be catchy and in not more than 5-6 words. You can go as creative as you want with this one just make sure you do not devote too much time on it in the exam.
  1. BY LINE– It refers to the name of the person writing the article. It is generally given in the question. If not given, then do not write your personal details.
(NOTE- You are not supposed to mention any of your personal details while attempting the answers in the exam.)
  1. BODY– It is the main part of your writing piece. It generally consists of 3-4 paragraphs.
      1. PARAGRAPH 1: It is always prescribed that you begin with a short introduction of the topic; it’s meaning to be precise. Briefly tell what the article is about giving some quotations or startling facts to arouse the interest of the readers.
      2. PARAGRAPH 2 or PARAGRAPH 2&3: Now this part can be written in either one or two paragraphs. You are required to do a complete analysis of the subject matter in question. It may include-
      • TYPES – In how many forms does the problem exist? You are required to mention the various possible types (if it exists).
      • CURRENT SCENARIO – Then you need to explain the current situation, the problems (if any) and whether after any corrective actions, betterment in the situation has been observed or not.
      • It may include advantages/ disadvantages depending upon the topic in question.
      • CAUSE AND EFFECT RELATIONSHIP– Develop the cause and effect relationship by supporting it with facts or data. You may also write the consequences.
      • Any other relevant and related information.
      • PARAGRAPH 3 or PARAGRAPH 4: The conclusion. It is the concluding paragraph. It is important to conclude what you’ve started. Never leave an article open-ended. Now, it is to be remembered that wherever you elaborate a problem, you always have to mention the steps being taken to improvise the situation and suggest a few solutions as well. Predictions and personal problems may be included. This paragraph needs to be short and precise. Here also, you could add some glitter to your art piece with some quotes.
      • Talking about marks, Article writing comes as a 05 marks question. The breakup of marks for Article writing format class 12 (as per CBSE Marking scheme) is as follows:-
        Format
        01 mark
        Organisation of Ideas
        01 mark
        Content
        02 marks
        Accuracy of Spelling and Grammar
        01 mark
        Total
        05 marks

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