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CBSE Class 7 English Grammar Active and Passive Voice

1. Consider the following sentences :
Lata sings a song.
A song is sung by Lata.
There is practically no difference in the meanings of these two sentences. These are two different ways of presenting the same thing. But in the first sentence the Subject performs the action while in the second sentence, the Subject of the Verb is acted upon.
Thus, the voice shows whether the Subject of a Verb acts or is acted upon.
Active Voice : When the Subject of a Verb acts, the Verb is said to be in the Active Voice ; as—
I made a mistake.
Passive Voice : When the object of the Active Voice becomes the Subject, the Verb is said to be in the Passive Voice ; as—
A mistake was made by me.
The Subject dominates in Active Voice but the Object dominates in Passive Voice.

Note. It is only the form of the verb in a sentence which shows whether the subject is the doer or the receiver of the action. A sentence in passive voice may or may not have the ‘by’ phrase attached. Thus in the above sentences, ‘A mistake was made’ is a complete sentence.

2. Rules for changing a Verb from the Active Voice into the Passive Voice :

1. The object of the Active Verb is made the Subject of the Passive Verb.
2. The Subject of the Active Verb is made the object of some Preposition (generally ‘by’).
3. The Verb of the Active Voice gets the Past Participle form of the Finite Verb and some form of the verb ‘to be’ (be, is, am, are, has been, have been, was, were, had been, will be, is being, will have been, etc.) will be used before it in the passive voice.
4. Some vague and indefinite subjects like ‘everyone’, ‘they’, ‘people’, ‘someone’, ‘somebody’, ‘everybody’, ‘anybody’, etc. are dropped if they are the subjects of the active voice. If so, the preposition ‘by’ is also not used.
5. The Tense of the Verb does not change.

Example: He has done his work. (Active)
His work has been done by him. (Passive)

3. The Pronouns (when these act as subject) are changed as given below:

Subject Object
I becomes me
We becomes us
You becomes you
She becomes her
He becomes him
They becomes them
It becomes it
Who becomes whom

4. The following table gives the form of the verb ‘see’ in Passive Voice in the various Tenses :

Tense Chart (Passive Voice’)


Indefinite Continuous


Present is/am/are + verb in third form
is seen
am seen
are seen
is/am/are + being + verb in third form
is being seen
am being seen
are being seen
has/have + been + verb in third form
has been seen
have been seen
Past was/were + verb in third form
was seen
were seen
was/were + being + verb in third form
was being seen
were being seen
had + been + verb in third form
had been seen
Future will/shall + be + verb in third form
will be seen
shall be seen
— No change will/shall + have been + verb in third form
will have been seen
shall have been seen


Note. The following four types of sentences cannot be changed into passive voice:
1. Present Perfect Continuous.
2. Past Perfect Continuous.
3. Future Continuous.
4. Future Perfect Continuous.

Exercise 1

I. Rewrite the following sentences putting the Verbs given against them in the appropriate Passive Voice form :
1. She ……………… up by her aunt. (bring)
2. Invitation cards ……………… to all her friends. (send)
3. You will ……………… to the feast. (incite)
4. The result ……………… on Monday. (declare)
5. They ……………… at the report of the gun. (alarm)
8. We ……………… at his failure. (shock)
1. was brought
2. have been sent
3. be invited
4. was declared/will be declared
5 were alarmed
6. were shocked

II Change the voice of the following sentences :
1. She sings a sweet song.
2. Do you not play hockey ?
3 Does he sell lottery tickets ?
4.1 am bending the branch.
5. Is she boiling potatoes ?
6. Are the servants bringing tea ?
1. A sweet song is sung by her.
2. Is hockey not played by you ?
3. Are lottery tickets sold by him ?
4. The branch is being bent by me.
5. Are the potatoes being boiled by her ?
6. Is tea being brought by the servants ?

Exercise 2

Rearrange the following into meaningful sentences :
1 this novel / Premchand / was / by / written
2 the brave / admired / everywhere / are
3, a doll / the baby / given / was
4, them / I / known / am / to
5, by / the door / whom / opened / was ?
8, him / a reward / to / given / was
7. one / one’s / keep / should / promise
8. kept / be / should / promise
1. This novel was written by Premchand.
2 The brave are admired everywhere.
3. The baby was given a doll.
4. I am knovT1 them.
5 By whom was the door opened ?
6. A reward was given to him.
7. One should keep one’s promise.
8. Promise should be kept.

Exercise 3

Fill in the blanks in the following choosing one word each for every blank.

was, endured, be, opened, was opened, offered, considered, has, being

1. I ……………… the door.
2 The gate ……………… by the gatekeeper.
3. My pocket ……………… been picked.
4. The work is ……………… done.
5. I ……………… taught to read English.
6. He is ……………… a wise man.
7. What cannot ……………… cured must be
8. He was ……………… a chair.
1. opened
2. was opened
3. has
4. being
5. was
6. considered
7. be, endured
8. offered.

Exercise 4

The following passage has not been edited. There is a word missing in each line. Find the missing word and write it along with one word that comes before it and the one that comes after it. Ensure that the word that forms your answer is underlined.
He asked to go down to the end of (a) _______
the garden. He was also to wash himself in water of the river there. The same (b) _______
water was and sprinkled over everything (c) _______
which had changed into gold by Midas’ (d) _______
touch. The king felt a weight had lifted (e) _______
front his heart. He freed of the golden touch. (f) _______
(a) He was asked
(b) also told to
(c) was brought and
(d) had been changed
(e) had been lifted
(f) He was freed

Exercise 5

The following passage has not been edited. There is a word missing in each line. Find the missing word and write it along with one word that comes before it and the one that comes after it. Ensure that the word that forms your answer is underlined.
I elected to the Committee of the society. (a) _______
I was in advance that I was supposed to attend (b) _______
every meeting. But I was not much to speaking. My friends called me a drone. (c) _______
The banter appreciated. A drone is (d) _______
generally to be a thorough idler. Not that (e) _______
I was not to speak but the words failed me. (f) _______
(a) I was elected
(b) was told in
(c) much used to
(d) banter wa$ appreciated
(e) generally thought to
(f) not willing to

Exercise 6
(For Practice)

Say whether the following are Active or Passive Voice sentences.
1. They have not come yet.
2. Papers are thrown all over.
3. The earthquake destroyed the entire city.
4. The dogs are not allowed here.
5. You could do it easily.
6. The book is written in Hindi.
7. They guard that house.
8. The minority rights are protected.

Exercise 7
(For Practice)

Change the Voice of the following sentences :
1. This ticket will be given to you by the manager.
2. Why have you done this ?
3. A car ran over the dog.
4. We must obey the laws of the land.
5. By whom was the fair inaugurated ?
6. Gopal stole her butter.

Multiple Choice Questions

Read the statements given below and choose the correct option
I. Identify as directed :
Question 1.
The Active Voice :
(i) The farmer grows coffee
(ii) Coffee fs grown by the farmer
(iii) The coffee is grown
(iv) Coffee is not grown

Question 2.
The Passive Voice :
(i) I sing a song
(ii) She wifi heip me
(iii) Lata is cooking the food
(iv) I will be helped

Question 3.
In the News headlines, we generally use :
(i) Active voice
(ii) Passive voice
(iii) Present tense
(iv) Past tense

II. Form the headlines for the sentences given below :
Question 4.
We require skilled workers.
(i) Skilled workers are required
(ii) Skilled workers required
(iii) Requirement of skilled workers
(iv) both (i) and (ii)

Question 5.
Rewrite the sentence in another way :
Whom were you discussing ?
(i) Who;was being discussed by you ?
(ii) Who was being discussed by somebody ?
(iii) By whom were you discussed ?
(iv) both (0 and (iii)

III. Choose the correct option :
Question 6.
(i) My pocket has been picked by somebody
(ii) My pocket has been picked
(iii) My pocket has been picked by someone
(iv) both (i) and (ii)

Question 7.
(i) The object of the verb in the active voice becomes the subject of the verb in the passive voice.
(ii) the subject of the verb in the active voice becomes the direct object of the verb
(iii) the subject becomes the object
(iv) Both (i) and (ii)

Question 8.
(i) He was laughed at by me
(ii) He was laughed by me
(iii) He laughed by me
(iv) Both (i) and (iii)

Question 9.
The relevant tense to form passive
(i) Present Perfect Continuous
(ii) Past Perfect Continous
(iii) Future Perfect Continuous
(iv) Past Continous

Question 10.
Passive form of ‘Please huny up’
(i) I order you to hurry
(ii) You are requested to hurry up
(iii) I advise you to hurry
(iv) both (i) and (ii)
1. (i)
2. (iv)
3. (ii)
4. (ii)
5. (i)
6. (ii)
7. (i)
8. (i)
9. (iv)
10. (ii)

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