Class 12 History Notes Chapter 15 Framing the Constitution The Beginning of a New Era Indian constitution was prepared by the learned members of the Constituent Assembly. The constitution was framed between December 1946 to December, 1949. Each clause of the constitution was discussed by the Constituent Assembly. All in all, eleven sessions of Constituent [...]
Class 12 History Notes Chapter 14 Understanding Partition Politics, Memories, Experiences The British policy of Divide and Rule played a key role in spreading of communal-ism. Earlier the British attitude towards the Muslim was not favorable, they think that they were responsible for the revolt of 1857. But soon they felt that due to their [...]
Class 12 History Notes Chapter 13 Mahatma Gandhi and the Nationalist Movement Civil Disobedience and Beyond Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born in Porbandar on 2nd October, 1869. Gandhiji left for South Africa as a barrister to argue a case in 1893. Gandhiji returned from South Africa in Jan, 1915. Gopal Krishna Gokhale- The political Guru [...]
Class 12 History Notes Chapter 12 Colonial Cities Urbanisation, Planning and Architecture With the decline to the Mughal Empire in the 18th century, many old lords lost their importance. 18th century marks the emergences of many new kingdoms like Lucknow, Hyderabad, Poona, Baroda, Nagpur, etc, The port towns/cities swat, Masulipatnam, and Dhaka which developed in [...]
Class 12 History Notes Chapter 1 Bricks, Beads and Bones The Harappan Civilisation Harappan Civilisation is also known as Indus Valley Civilisation. It is the oldest Civilisation of India. There is no consensus about the chronology of the Harappan Civilisation. Various scholars have given different dates about this period. According to Sir John Marshall, “this [...]